在实际开发中,我们有时需要知道对象的所有属性,原生js给我们提供了一个很好的方法:Object.keys(),该方法返回一个数组

  • 传入对象,返回属性名
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var obj = {'a':'123','b':'345'};
console.log(Object.keys(obj)); //['a','b']
var obj1 = { 100: "a", 2: "b", 7: "c"};
console.log(Object.keys(obj1)); // console: ["2", "7", "100"]
var obj2 = Object.create({}, { getFoo : { value : function () { return this.foo } } });
obj2.foo = 1;
console.log(Object.keys(obj2)); // console: ["foo"]
  • 传入字符串,返回索引
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var str = 'ab1234';
console.log(Object.keys(obj)); //[0,1,2,3,4,5]
  • 构造函数 返回空数组或者属性名
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function Pasta(name, age, gender) {
this.name = name;
this.age = age;
this.gender = gender;
this.toString = function () {
return (this.name + ", " + this.age + ", " + this.gender);
}
}
console.log(Object.keys(Pasta)); //console: []
var spaghetti = new Pasta("Tom", 20, "male");
console.log(Object.keys(spaghetti)); //console: ["name", "age", "gender", "toString"]
  • 数组 返回索引
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var arr = ["a", "b", "c"];
console.log(Object.keys(arr)); // console: ["0", "1", "2"]